Chemistry Panel

The Chemistry Panel may be identified by many different names (a chemistry screen/screening, a basic metabolic panel (BMP), a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP), SMA or SMAC.)  Regardless of the name these panels measure a specific number of elements in the blood indicated by a dash and a number after the panel name such as SMA-6 or CMP-20.  A typical CMP-16 will specifically measure the levels of Glucose, Waste Products ( Blood Urea Nitrogen, Creatinine, Uric Acid, & the Glom Filtration Rate), Electrolytes (Sodium & Potassium Chloride), Minerals (Calcium & Phosphorus), Blood Fats (Cholesterol & Triglycerides), Proteins (Albumin, Globulin, & Total Protein), Enzymes (Total Bilirubin, Alkaline Phosphatase, GGTP, LDH, & SGOT (AST)).  

The Chemistry Panel  is an excellent tool that provides a high level evaluation of the body’s major organ functions including the heart, liver, kidney, gland, nerve, bone and muscle functions.  An imbalance in any of these levels can suggest a wide variety of acute or chronic illnesses.

Chemistry Panel – Blood Testing Details

The Chemistry Panel is used in determining medical conditions such as kidney failure, insulin shock, diabetic coma, respiratory distress and changes in the heart functions or rhythm. Certainly those are not all the conditions, however the most common. They are also used to monitor individuals with hypertension and hypokalemia.  Again, there are many uses for the blood tests that are beneficial in determining health as well as internal organ functioning.

Normal Ranges Of The Chemistry Panel

What is normal for a person is often based on many factors and different laboratories have differing levels or normal ranges; however the following are general guidelines.

  • Calcium ranges between 8.4 and 10
  • Glucose ranges 65 to 110
  • Sodium between 136 and 146
  • Potassium between 3.6 and 5.0
  • Total Protein from 6.0 to 8.0
  • Creatinine ranges from .5 to 1.2

This battery of blood testing can give crucial information as to the different organs of the body. It can signify everything from dehydration to kidney failure making it an excellent baseline diagnostic blood test.