HIV Blood Test

About HIV Testing

HIV blood testing is an important measure in ensuring one’s health. In the last several years STD’s have made a large impact on the general public, therefore increasing awareness. HIV knows no age, sex, socio-economic status or other characteristics, as it is not a disease that discriminates. People in general are encouraged to have HIV blood tests at least once per year if they are not in a monogamous relationship. This is especially true for individuals with certain behaviors or lifestyles. Those that are considered high risk are encouraged to have blood tests more frequently and repeat them at regular intervals.

Who Should Have The HIV Blood Test

Individuals involved in behaviors or life styles that put them in higher risk groups should have more regularly scheduled HIV blood tests. Some of these include those that have multiple sexual partners, engage in homosexual behavior or use intravenous needles should be tested every3 to 6 months. Those behaviors increase the chances of contracting HIV. Having the HIV blood test not only allows an individual to seek treatment, but also protects their sexual partners. Pregnant women are also encouraged to have HIV blood tests to protect themselves and their unborn baby. Since the disease can be passed onto the baby at birth, it is important for pregnant women to have an HIV blood test as soon as they find out their pregnant. If HIV is positive, antiviral treatments can be used to protect the child.

Ranges & Levels

Blood tests detail levels that might suggest HIV. For example a low white blood cell count might be indicative of HIV antibody presence. A white blood cell count normal range is between 5.0 and 10.0. Red blood cells that are low or below the normal range of 4.2 – 5.70 are a sign of anemia. Platelet counts should range between 140 and 390.