Celiac Blood Test

Celiac Disease Blood Testing

The Celiac Disease blood test helps physicians diagnose Celiac Disease. The disease is generally suspected by a patient symptom of abdominal pain, gastrointestinal discomfort and/or anemia.  This disease is considered an autoimmune disease and is characterized as the body’s reaction to products such as wheat, rye and barley. Through the body’s reaction the small intestines can become damaged, as well as the individual suffering from poor nutritional absorption. Because of the improper absorption of nutrients other health concerns can begin to surface. The Celiac blood tests are an important series to help diagnose and properly treat the disease before any permanent damage is sustained.

Who Should Be Tested

While the Celiac blood tests are most commonly used on individuals with symptoms, they can be used to screen those with a family history of the disease. Others that might benefit from the blood test are individuals that suffer from malnutrition, have vitamin deficiencies, or abnormal comprehensive metabolic panel blood tests. The test is also recommended for individuals that are lactose intolerant or have other food allergies. Anyone with symptoms of unexplained diarrhea, fatigue, joint pain, weight loss, anemia or abdominal pain should also consider the Celiac Disease blood test.

Antibody Testing

The two antibodies that are measured by the blood test are anti-endomysium and anti-tissue transglutaminase. When measured and found in elevated levels, physicians may order a biopsy to properly diagnose Celiac Disease. The presence or elevation of those antibodies suggests that the body is responding to foods that contain gluten. If Celiac disease is confirmed through blood testing it is important that the individual change their eating habits, as well as seek medical treatment.