Complete Blood Count (CBC) Results Explained

Following is an example of results of a Complete blood count (CBC.) The reference interval indicates the “normal range” for each of the components and a flag (if present) indicates a specific result that has fallen outside of the normal range.

Iron:  Iron and protein produce hemoglobin in red blood cells, carrying oxygen throughout the body.  Iron levels can indicate conditions such as hemochromatosis and iron deficient anemia.

White Blood Count:  Indicates the number of white blood cells per volume of blood.   An abnormal white blood count could indicate certain types of leukemia, infection, or bone marrow diseases.

Red Blood Count:  Indicates the number of red blood cells per volume of blood.

Hemoglobin (Hgb):  Indicates the amount of the oxygen carrying protein hemoglobin contained within the red blood cells.  Abnormal hemoglobin levels could indicate red blood cell breakdown, vitamin deficiencies or anemia.

Hematocrit  (Hct):  Indicates the percentage of Hematocrit in the blood volume occupied by red blood cells.  Abnormal hematocrit levels may indicate bone marrow failure, anemia, or certain cancers.