A Lipid Profile is a blood test that measures the total cholesterol, HDLcholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Cholesterol is a fat-likesubstance that is contained in the body's cells and in particular foods. Toomuch cholesterol results in plaque. Plaque can line the arteries and restrictthe flow of blood to the heart. The buildup causes arteries to harden and leadto heart disease.
The American Heart Association recommends that adults age 20 and older shouldundergo a fasting lip profile blood test to measure the following:
Anyone with a total cholesterol level of 200 or more is at increased risk forheart disease.
HDL cholesterol is also referred to as "good cholesterol". It is a good to havehigh level of this particular cholesterol. Having high HDL levels lowers therisk of heart disease. Being overweight, lack or exercise and smoking lower HDLlevels.
LDL cholesterol is also known as "bad cholesterol". The levels of LDLcholesterol vary from optimal to very high. The type of cholesterol shouldremain low. The lower a person's LDL cholesterol levels, the lower the risk ofheart attack and stroke.
Triglycerides become elevated due to lifestyle choices. A lack of exercise,being overweight, smoking, diet and smoking can raise a person's triglyceridelevels.
Because cholesterol does not have any outward symptoms but can cause medicalproblems like heart attacks and strokes, it is important to have a lipidprofile blood test regularly.
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